Cultural factors influencing teenage pregnancy in Jamaica

Cultural factors identified in the initial literature review - such as parental interaction and control, the intergenerational transmission of teenage pregnancy and experiences of sexual abuse - were largely confirmed and built upon. Results highlight promising opportunities for health communication among young women in Jamaica with a focus. A literature review was undertaken to identify key factors associated with teenage pregnancy in Jamaica. Using the PEN-3 cultural model, we first categorised these factors to develop a theoretical taxonomy that can be used to help health intervention planners to understand and address the phenomenon Cultural factors influencing teenage pregnancy in Jamaica. A literature review was undertaken to identify key factors associated with teenage pregnancy in Jamaica. Using the PEN-3 cultural model, we first categorised these factors to develop a theoretical taxonomy that can be used to help health intervention planners to understand and address. The 2008 Jamaica Reproductive Health Survey has shown a teen pregnancy rate of 72 per 1000. The survey shows concerns about the high rate of maternal mortality, premature newborns, labor complications, low birth weight, and low and poor utilization of antenatal health care Teenage pregnancy is a challenge for many nations, including in my home country of Jamaica, where the teenage pregnancy rate in 2008 was the fourth highest in the Caribbean, with 72 out of 1,000 a

The findings revealed that teenage pregnancy is a major health and social problem. Over 76% of the teenage respondents in the study had experienced unplanned pregnancy. Among the prominent factors that stood out in the analysis for this high rate of teenage pregnancy were early sex and marriage, low contraceptive use, low educational levels. Peers can influence how adolescents view becoming pregnant, as well as their attitudes towards preventing pregnancy, dropping out of school or staying enrolled until graduation. Peer pressure can. Women's Centre of Jamaica Foundation, Office of the Prime Minister clear policy guidelines, student mothers face cultural and in-stitutional resistance to their right to an education. teen pregnancy. Any risk factors that precipitated early pregnancy should b

Reproductive Resilience framework (modified Multi-layered Social Resilience framework by Obrist et al., 2010). The frame work illustrates how a threat of teenage pregnancy could be influenced by the capacity- personal disposition and life skills; Capitals- social, economic, cultural and symbolic and Socio-demographic context which could enhance proactive actions or becomes constraining factors 2. 4 Structural factors influencing teenage pregnancy The health and social consequences of teenage pregnancy are serious and wide ranging. Pregnancy and child birth complications are the second leading cause of death among 15 to 19 year old women globally (WHO, 2014).. factors influencing teenage pregnancy in public secondary schools in imenti north sub county, meru county, kenya by kiarie antony kimemia a research project submitted in partial fulfillment of th Social Determinants and Eliminating Disparities in Teen Pregnancy. US teen birth rates (births per 1,000 females aged 15 to 19 years) decreased 7% overall from 2016 to 2017. 1 Decreases occurred for teens of most racial groups races and for Hispanic teens. Despite these declines, racial/ethnic, geographic, and socioeconomic disparities persist

These social factors does not include teen pregnancy alone, but also community violence, gang membership involvement, alcohol and substance abuse and a high incidence of illiteracy. There is also the likelihood of the cycle of teen pregnancy to continue within the family (National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy, 2013) Factors contributing to high prevalence of teenage pregnancy in Rachuonyo district, Kenya Elizabeth Bessy Achieng Rachuonyo District Hospital P. O. BOX 42-40222 Oyugis, Kenya Correspondence Email: achiengbessy9@gmail.com Abstract This paper determines factors contributing to high prevalence of teenage pregnancy and also establishes those factors that increase the prevalence of teenage. Teenage Pregnancies are regular occurrences among our girls in our global society. Furthermore, it is important to note that nearly all teen pregnancies are unintended. The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) defines Teenage pregnancy as a teenage girl, between the ages of 13-19, becoming pregnant

Cultural factors influencing teenage pregnancy in Jamaica

research therefore sought to investigate the factors that are contributing to teenage pregnancies, with particular attention to rural communities of Zimbabwe. 2.0 Background According to WHO (1986) pregnancy in a girl aged 10 and 19 years is adolescent or teenage pregnancy The first article, Impact of Social and Cultural Factors on Teen Pregnancy, the main thesis is teenage pregnancy is a health issue that affects everyone within a community or society. Teenagers who give birth at a young age face major issues such as poverty, a quality education, and hazardous practices that constitute health issues

This thesis is a result of reviewing and analysing relevant literature on factors influencing adolescent pregnancy. Chapter 1 provides background information about demography, health and social context of Ghana and the Upper East Region. In chapter 2 the problem/justificatio Some of the factors associated with adolescents waiting to have sexual intercourse include living in a stable family environment, regular attendance at places of worship, and higher family income (Klein, 2005). Teen Pregnancy and motherhood . Lockhart and Wodarski (1990) reported that the high rate of teenage pregnancy Introduction . Though teen age pregnancy had poor maternal and perinatal health outcomes, its magnitude and determinants are not well understood. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and associated factors of teenage pregnancy in Wogedi, northeast Ethiopia. Methods . A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted among 514 teenagers in Wogedi, northeast Ethiopia. Adolescent pregnancy has been persistently high in sub-Saharan Africa. The objective of this review is to identify factors influencing adolescent pregnancies in sub-Saharan Africa in order to design appropriate intervention program. A search in MEDLINE, Scopus, Web of science, and Google Scholar databases with the following keywords: determinants, factors, reasons, sociocultural factors.

pregnancy and other sexual and reproductive activities. Thus, such factors as socialization (the internalization of cultural beliefs and practices), poverty, gender inequality, parental and peer influence, opportunities for education and employment were studied. In addition, internal factors, suc teen pregnancy comes as the sixth most funded campaign which is accelerated due to the worrying trend of increased teens pregnancy (Kaphagawani & Kalipeni, 2017). In the year 2015, the Center for Disease Control declared teenage pregnancy amongst young girls as one of the must-win battles worldwide which is a result of the economic, social, and political impacts on society

Each of these factors, however, is, in turn, influenced by a variety of different social indicators. For example, peer pressure, adoption of prosocial values, better parent-child communication, and increased self-esteem are only a few of the many variables that influence a child's decision to delay first intercourse or use contraceptives 1. Outlining the socio-economic and cultural factors that lead school girls into pregnancy and dropping out of school; 2. Exploring the factors facilitating and/or preventing girls from going back to school after delivery; 3. Assessing support systems needed by, and available to, school-going mothers. 4 Psycho-social factors: Peer pressure •Peer pressure has a major influence on teenage sexuality: •There were 12.8% teenage mothers wanting to be pregnant who felt they got pregnant because of peer pressure, compared to 4,4% among the teenage mothers with unwanted pregnancy who felt they were pushed by peer pressure to become pregnant. A quantitative, descriptive and explorative survey was conducted to determine factors that influence adolescent pregnancy rate among teenage girls (n = 147) attending four high schools in the Greater Giyani Municipality in South Africa.Data was collected using a validated questionnaire which had a reliability of 0.65

Factors Associated with Adolescent Pregnancy

Supporting the education of teen mothers in Jamaic

Early Pregnant Teen: Culture of Sapang Kawayan Teen Pregnancy and the Factors Affecting the Society A Thesis Presented to the Area of Education, Arts & Science Meycauayan College In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Subject Research 1 (PSY 112) By: Avendaño, Marvin Españo, Mikko Francisco, Monica Supeña, Jobelle Introduction In the Philippines, Filipinos face a lot of crisis. Pregnancy customs and values differ among cultures. For women and doctors in the diverse Metroplex, cultural competency starts with thoughtful communication. In this week's blog, Patricia Santiago-Munoz, M.D., discusses four sensitive topics pregnancy care providers and patients should consider The impact of parenting stress on Jamaican children is not to be ignored. Parenting stress is one of four factors identified in Jamaica that affect all aspects of children's outcomes: cognitive development, school performance, behaviour problems and behaviour strengths (Samms-Vaughan, 2005) Accordingly, this chapter discusses several socioeconomic and cultural factors that, in varying ways, may affect contraceptive use and therefore unintended pregnancy: the large and increasing diversity of the U.S. population (including ethnic, cultural, and religious diversity), conflicting views of sexuality and how such views might influence. Worldwide, factors contributing to teenage pregnancy include: dowry payment, poverty, low educational status, poor quality, and access to, reproductive health services, peer pressure, tradition and culture [8]. The aim of our study was to explore the factors contributing to teenage pregnancy in Juba, and its effects on the young mothers, in.

Sociocultural factors contributing to teenage pregnancy in

This study explored community perceptions of cultural beliefs and practices that may increase sexual risk behaviour of adolescents, to understand more about meaning they hold within the culture and how they expose adolescent orphans and non-orphans to higher risks in a high HIV and teenage pregnancy prevalence context. Using a qualitative descriptive cross-sectional design 14 focus group. Promiscuity and teen pregnancy are much worse for children without father presence. Fatherless children, Continued from F3 Kruk notes, are more likely to experience problems with sexual health, including a greater likelihood of having intercourse before the age of 16, foregoing contraception during first intercourse, becoming teenage parents.

Adolescent pregnancy influenced by many factor

  1. In Jamaica, as elsewhere, adolescent pregnancy presents a serious social and public health problem.1 Forty percent of Jamaican women have been pregnant at least once before they reach the age of 20, and more than 80% of adolescent pregnancies are unplanned. Sexual activity begins at an early age for many Jamaicans: Among young people aged 15-17 who were surveyed in the 199
  2. The differences in incidence of teenage pregnancy among racial and ethnic groups result from socio-economic factors. Teenage pregnancy is prevalent in societies characterised by poverty, low education, fewer job opportunities and families headed by mothers who gave birth to their first children in adolescence (Dryfoos, 1996; Macleod, 1999). Teenage
  3. LECTURETTE Teenage pregnancy is an important public health issue. It is common, largely preventable and associated with negative sequelae, both for the mother and the child. There are many factors / reasons that lead teenagers to get pregnant. Some of them want to have babies. However, most of them are all unintentional
  4. Challenging teen pregnancy -- new focus of Caricom/UNFPA. Sunday, January 05, 2014. RICKEY SINGH. JAMAICANS are understandably quite depressed over the scourge of gun-related killings and general.
  5. Sexual Violence and Reproductive Health Among Young People in Three Communities in Jamaica Show all authors. Cynthia Waszak Geary. Relationship dynamics and teenage pregnancy in South Africa Social Science and Medicine, 52, 733-744. Google Cultural factors influencing teenage pregnancy in Jamaica Crossref Show details.
  6. A number of risk factors for both early marriage and teenage pregnancy in rural India have been identified including social pressure, poverty and low female education and employment opportunities. Most high-income countries have low teenage pregnancy rates and the majority of pregnancies are amongst unmarried teenagers
  7. ants affect adolescent health are crucial to the health of the whole.

associated with teenage pregnancy in Makueni Division of Machakos District. Its main purpose was to establish the Social and Economic factors that are related to teenage pregnancy as well as to find out the effect of child-parent relationship on teenage pregnancy rnd thereby recommend ways of checking the situation Teenage pregnancy has become a very serious social problem in South Africa, and pregnancy under the age of seventeen has been viewed as a catastrophe for individuals, family and society (Greathead, 1998:21). According to Heaven (2001:176) teenage mothers are having more babies compared with a generation ago. Moreover, th Jamaica Gleaner. Contempora­ry social issues 2017-10-17 - OBJECTIVE. By the end of the lesson, you should be able to: Formulate strategies for dealing with contempora­ry social issues that influence Caribbean family life. A social issue is a problem that influences a considerab­le number of the individual­s within a society This teen pregnancy poems raises the important factors regarding the causes of teen pregnancy like neglect and considering sex as taboo. Too many parents these days do not talk about sex with their children, leaving them to learn about it the wrong way, which often results in teenage pregnancy

Socio-cultural and economic factors influencing

While there are many factors that influence teenage pregnancy rates, the number one cause for teenage pregnancy will never change — unprotected sex. The United States saw a drop in teen pregnancy of 7 percent from 2016 to 2017, but the U.S. number of teen pregnancies is still higher than in most industrialized countries Risk and protective factors are common across substances of abuse as well as other adolescent risk behaviors (e.g., teen pregnancy, delinquency). As a result, effective prevention programs targeting these risk and protective factors reduce the likelihood of not only opioid use but a number of other substance abuse and risk behavior problems Individual factors influencing teenage pregnancy among adolescent women aged 15-19 years. It was quite surprising to identify from Poisson estimates that all individual demographic characteristics studied influence TP in the five countries except working status. Increasing age was estimated to have an increased PR of experiencing TP Adolescent pregnancy is a public health concern worldwide. There are disparities in the occurrence of adolescence pregnancy in different social groups and settings; however, few studies have focused on the contribution of a woman's caste in early pregnancy in Nepal. This study aimed to examine the association between caste and adolescent pregnancy; and investigate factors that influence this. Other factors contributing to adolescent pregnancy. Approximately 90% of births to girls aged 15-19 in developing countries occur within early marriage where there is often an imbalance of power, no access to contraception and pressure on girls to prove their fertility.. Factors such as parental income and the extent of a girl's education also contribute

It happened at the age of sixteen. She was scared to look up at that screen. She would soon get kicked out to the street. You are a mistake. You are just like your mother. You're a disgrace. These are things I hear every day in the 15 years I have lived. My mother was a high.. Titled Teenage Pregnancy in Kenya's Kilifi County, the study unearths several hotspots of teen pregnancy in the county including Ganze, Mtwapa, Malindi town and Magarini sub-county The region has the third highest teen fertility rate in the world and exhibits a slower decline in teenage pregnancies than other regions. GUATEMALA CITY, December 12, 2013 - Poverty, poor education, inequality and an inadequate ability to make decisions and control their own life plans puts girls in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) at greater risk of teenage pregnancy and early motherhood Our understanding of health literacy gains greater depth and meaning in the context of culture. This is especially important given the ethnic and linguistic diversity of the U.S. population. In addition to 211,460,626 Americans of European decent, the 2000 U.S. Census identified 69,961,280 people from 19 other ethnic and cultural groups living in America (U.S. Census Bureau, 2000)

Social Determinants and Eliminating Disparities in Teen

This is one of the main factors leading to increased cases of teenage pregnancy in Kenya. Rape. Teenage girls are the most abused age group of women. Rape at this age is in most cases by a person who the girl trusts. This can be a male relative, including biological fathers and step fathers, teachers and domestic workers. Cultural Practice Teenage Pregnancy In Jamaica - The Reasons Behind This Problem. The figures for teenage pregnancy in Jamaica are startling; before the age of 20, some 20% of Jamaican women have been pregnant at least once; 48% of males 15-19 years of age do not use condoms with their regular sexual partner, while 41% do not use condoms with a non-regular partner Among these factors are social and cultural factors that have not been fully explored in the light of the prevailing teenage pregnancies in secondary schools in Kenya. The main purpose of this study was therefore to examine the influence of these factors in teenage pregnancies among secondary school students in Gucha District of Kenya

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practic

exploratory study of the socio-cultural factors affecting pregnancy outcomes among the Ogu people of Badagry Area of Lagos State, will examines the general attitudinal practices of the people, the culture as a way of life of people, the attitudes of people towards maternal health facilities and Traditional Birth Attendant (TBA) as it affect. Teen pregnancy remains one of the largest and most debated social issues in our society. It has been studied at great length over the past 40 years in an effort to reduce the rate at which it occurs. Teen pregnancy reached a high point in 1991 with an average rate of 61.8 teen births for every 1000 births in this country. (Omar, 2008. Kajiado County is one of the counties that records high teenage pregnancy rates in Kenya (KNBS, 2014). It is suspected that individual, social, cultural and economic factors shape youth sexual behaviour and may help explain the drivers of the high rates of teenage pregnancy. Although some of the factors that influenc Background Pregnancy-related morbidity and mortality is much more prevalent among adolescents than adults. Adolescent pregnancy is therefore a significant public health problem. Most births to adolescents (95%) occur in resource-constrained countries. Objective The aim was to review the available evidence about the factors associated with adolescent pregnancy in low-income and lower middle. Single Parenting In Jamaica by Nemonie Cassells. Single parenting, just thinking about it makes me uncomfortable. This type of family is ever so present and more acceptable of late all over the world, but it seem to have been a norm here in Jamaica ever since I was a child

(PDF) Factors contributing to high prevalence of teenage

  1. Culture, pregnancy and childbirth. Different cultures have different values, beliefs and practices. A woman's cultural background can affect their needs and expectations during pregnancy and childbirth, as well as how they and their family raise children.. Many women giving birth in Australia believe it is important to follow the traditional pregnancy and birth practices of their culture
  2. Jamaica has a population of approximately 2.7 million and is a Caribbean small island developing state. In 2015, the World Bank estimated Jamaica's GDP per capita at US $5,138 and the unemployment rate is 13.5%. According to the 2015 Human Development Report, the country has attained a high level of human development and is ranked 99 out of.
  3. e how much support people have from their families and communities in seeking help. This is particularly important because mental illnesses cannot simply be ignored and left untreated — doing so significantly impacts a person's quality of life and can cause severe distress and secondary health effects
  4. Leave a Comment on Teen Pregnancy and How it Affects Culture A child having a child is the common expression that many would use when describing teen pregnancy. The effect of teenage pregnancy upon any culture is quite different in regards to how it is viewed and whether or not it is seen as a normal occurrence
  5. ants of teenage pregnancy and childbearing have been

CULTURAL DIMENSIONS OF PREGNANCY, BIRTH AND POST-NATAL CARE It derives from research conducted to identify factors among people from culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) backgrounds which may affect their use of antenatal services, their care during pregnancy, labour and birth, and postnatal care.. Rape, sexual exploitations etc. also takes place that leads to unwanted pregnancy among teenage girls. 5) Socio Economic Factors: Teenage girls who belong to the poor families are more likely to become pregnant. Researchers have found that even in the developed countries teenage pregnancy occurs most commonly among the deprived sections Aim: This study attempted to 1) assess the factors contributing to teenage pregnancy in the Lower Manya Krobo Municipality; 2) specifically determine whether peer influence and sexual behaviour, electronic media and poverty, knowledge and use of contraceptives, and sex education contributed to teenage pregnancy; and 3) also determine the prevalence of teenage pregnancy and finally solicit for. teenage pregnancy cycle continues to the next generation, making positive youth development a challenge. Thus, teenage pregnancy has become a global issue in low- and lower-middle-income countries. Cultural norms and policies, which force children into motherhood have influenced teen pregnancy (Odimegwu & Mkwananzi, 2016) 12 Uganda. Teenage pregnancy is highly associated with abortions, infant and maternal mortality, high 13 rate of unemployment, school failure and drop-outs and limited future career opportunities. This 14 paper identifies and explains the factors influencing teenage pregnancy in Uganda Lake Victoria Island 15 shoreline area and mountain districts

Three Main Causes of Teenage Pregnancies - Ackeem Smith

pregnancy among teenage girls. 5) Socio Economic Factors: Teenage girls who belong to the poor families are more likely to become pregnant. Researchers have found that even in the developed countries teenage pregnancy occurs most commonly among the deprived sections The people of Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) have been making some economic and social progress but are yet to take action against their high rates of teenage pregnancies. The region. influence teenage pregnancy. Research shows that teenage pregnancy within England remains consistently the highest within Europe with no obvious reason. A combination of social and economic factors will be considered that could predispose to teenage pregnancy with particular focus on the involvement of healthcare practitioners i

Factors Contributing to Teenage Pregnancies in a Rural

Summary: Impact Of Social And Cultural Factors On Teen

  1. One out of seven teenage girls in developing countries marries before the age of 15. While the fertility rate of teenage girls is high, the rate of contraceptive use remains low; therefore, this group of teenagers needs reproductive healthcare. This study was undertaken to explore factors influencing the use of contraceptives from the perspective of teenage women living in the city of Ardabil.
  2. The racial and ethnic disparities surrounding teen pregnancy are stubborn, often a cause and consequence of poverty and a complex array of societal factors. Teen pregnancies are usually unplanned and come with a steep price tag, costing U.S. taxpayers up to $28 billion a year , according to the Office of Adolescent Health, which is part of the.
  3. Be aware of these specific risk factors for teen sex: Alcohol and drug use. Aside from reflecting problem attitudes (rebellion, poor self-concept, invulnerability) that make sex more likely, intoxication also clouds judgment and weakens resistance to sexual overtures. A steady boyfriend or girlfriend
  4. of teenage pregnancy need further empirical studies since it affects the social-psychological well-being of teenagers and disruption of academic process, school drop-outs, and poor public image. Keywords: Psychosocial, Effects, Teenage, Pregnancy, Teenage Mother 1. Introduction Globally, about 16 million teenage girls' give birth each year [1]
  5. INDIVIDUAL-LEVEL RISK FACTORS. A large number of individual factors and characteristics has been associated with the development of juvenile delinquency. These individual factors include age, gender, complications during pregnancy and delivery, impulsivity, aggressiveness, and substance use
  6. The factors associated with teenage pregnancy identified here are rather similar to those found in previous reports and reviews. 2829 Furthermore, when we considered a further 20 studies for factors associated with early childbearing (a sub-set of teenage pregnancy that excludes abortion), the factors identified remained largely consistent.
  7. This article forms the second of a two-part series in which South African research on teenage pregnancy is reviewed. Part 1 of the series dealt with the consequences of teenage pregnancy; this paper reviews the 'causes' thereof. International literature is incorporated in the discussion by way of comparison

Actors influencing teenage pregnancy As these adaptive programmes intend to go beyond traditional girl-focused responses to teenage pregnancy, an important element of learning has been on the roles played by wider stakeholders in shaping the problem and creating solutions. Much of this learning has focused on the role of parents Brown J. Managing the media monster: The influence of media (from television to text messages) on teen sexual behavior and attitudes. Washington, DC: National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy; 2008. 7. Udry JR, Billy JOG. Initiation of coitus in early adolescence. Am Soc Rev. 1987;52(6):841-855. 8. Wyatt GE Kids Having Kids: Economic Costs and Social Consequences of Teen Pregnancy. Washington, D.C.: Urban Institute. National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy. 2001

Social risk factors include; poor peer relationships, sexually active friends, dating older people at a younger age and peer pressure to engage in sexual activity. With all these issues coming at teens every single day, it's often hard to resist the pressure. Poor family conditions can also increase the risks of teen pregnancy Since teenage pregnancy is a result of teenage sex, then it goes hand in hand that a society that has more of one of the two is going to experience more of the other. It is thus necessary to consider factors that are known to influence the age at which young people starts sexual relationships (LDM, 2003). Sexual attitudes among young peopl The study, Social, biological and programmatic factors link adolescent pregnancy to early childhood undernutrition: a path analysis of India's 2016 National Family and Health Survey, co-authored by IFPRI's Phuong Hong Nguyen, Samuel Scott, Sumanta Neupane, and Purnima Menon; and FHI360's Lan Mai Tran, was published in The Lancet. The problem with teenage pregnancy in South Africa is also peculiar to the world at large. The World Health Organisation's latest fact sheet on Adolescent pregnancy highlighted that the issue is. Having a healthy baby - a guide to planning and managing pregnancy for women with type 1 diabetes, 2015, National Diabetes Services Scheme (NDSS).; Having a healthy baby - a guide to planning and managing pregnancy for women with type 2 diabetes, 2015, National Diabetes Services Scheme (NDSS).; Caring for diabetes in children and adolescents, 2010, The Children's Hospital at Westmead and.

Health results of teen pregnancy. Teenage parenthood is perceived to be both a cause and consequence of social exclusion [9]. Teenage parents are more likely to be unemployed, live in poverty, and to give birth to low birth-weight babies, who as toddlers are likely to be at increased risk of childhood accidents Risk Factors And Complications Of Teen Pregnancies Statistics in India on Teenage Pregnancy As per a reports by the UN Statistics Division, estimates are that India has had about 86 cases per 1000 women in the age group of 15-19 years between the years 1995-2010 who have had teenage pregnancies National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy says that teenage pregnancy is occurring in an adolescent girl between the ages of 13 to 18. Socioeconomic is one factor in which is the social and economic experiences that help mold one's personality, attitudes, and lifestyle. It can also define regions and neighborhoods you all are so stupid becuz teenage pregnancy is brought about by lack of self control or even when girls are engaged in poverty, and there are other factor that may influence teens like the media. restrict the amount of hours your child is spending on the internet,the music; engage them in gospel and not hip hop and other mind or sex treating music

Nowadays, teenage pregnancy has become a growing concern and therefore various causes of teenage pregnancy has become crucial. Teenage pregnancy refers to pregnancy occurs in young girls, mostly in the range of age 13 to 17 yeas old. According to Jackie, (2012) low self-esteem is among the causes of teenage pregnancy. Children wh Downloadable! Teenage Pregnancy, a case of under-aged girl usually within ages of thirteen to nineteen years becoming pregnant, is a serious cankerworm that has eaten deep to the fabric of our societies in this contemporary period. The term in every day speech usually refers to women who have not reached legal adulthood to become pregnant. This study focused on the prevalence of this act among. Although teen pregnancy rates have fallen during the last decade but the phenomena still wreaks havoc in the lives of millions of teens. A major reason, peer pressure, still stands strong influencing the rate of teenage pregnancy in the States. The relationship between peer pressure and teenage pregnancy has been a hot-button topic for a long time