Home

The English Bill of Rights influenced the American colonies by Quizlet

Civics Unit Text Oct

The English Bill of Rights influenced the American colonies by: establishing three separate branches of government. providing a model of representative government. giving back the original rights of the colonies The English Bill of Rights influenced the government to protect people's rights. It also influenced the United Nations' Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which is the list of rights people should have. We used the English Bill of Rights to use it in our government American Revolutionary leader from Virginia whose objections led to the drafting of the Bill of Rights (1725-1792) Click again to see term 👆. Tap again to see term 👆. Nice work! You just studied 6 terms! Now up your study game with Learn mode. Try Learn mode What was the English Bill of Rights quizlet? an act of parliament made The English bill of Rights to be forced upon Mary and William of Orange one the crown was passed down to them. it restarted the traditional rights of the english citizens in trial by jury and abolished the cruelty, fines, and unjust punishment How did the English Bill of Rights influence the American colonies? What was the English Bill of Rights, what rights did it provide, and why was it important to the colonists? It was the right to petition the King and the right to trial by jury. The colonists wanted to choose people to make their laws and to form colonial assemblies

It governed the colonies during the Revolutionary War. thinking about important English documents such as the magna carta, the petition of rights, and the English bill rights how did they influence the American colonists' ideas about government? ordered government, representative government, limited government. The English Bill of Rights influenced the Declaration of Independence and the US government by focusing on. voting rights for men and women. READ: What role did the Portuguese play in the existing African slave trade? How did the English Bill of Rights influence the Declaration of Independence quizlet The American and French Revolutions The ideas of the Enlightenment greatly influenced leaders of the American Revolution. English colonists in America shared the traditions of Magna Carta and the English Bill of Rights, as John Locke had. READ: When a child uses the word cat to refer to the family The English Bill of Rights encouraged a form of government where the rights and liberties of individuals were protected. These ideas and philosophies penetrated into the colonies of North America

The Magna Carta, the English Bill of Rights, the Mayflower Compact, and the pamphlet, Common Sense, all influenced their thinking. The colonists believed that government should protect their rights. These documents stressed the point that the power of the government should be limited The Bill of Rights was proposed by the Congress that met in Federal Hall in New York City in 1789. Thomas Jefferson was the principal drafter of the Declaration and James Madison of the Bill of Rights; Madison, along with Gouverneur Morris and James Wilson, was also one of the principal architects of the Constitution

History Flashcards Quizle

  1. The Bill of Rights was greatly influenced by the Magna Carta because it consists of laws that are very similar to ones in the Magna Carta. For example, the laws for no excessive fines or punishments and the protection of property are extremely similar to laws in the Magn
  2. The English Bill of Rights, 1689 (E) READ: Religious freedom was a main cause for the establishment of the American colonies. Religious groups (Pilgrims, Puritans, Quakers, etc.) created communities that were self-governed. What were the causes and influences of the American Revolution quizlet
  3. All persons born in the British American Colonies are, by the laws of God and nature and by the common law of England, exclusive of all charters from the Crown, well entitled, and by acts of the British Parliament are declared to be entitled, to all the natural, essential, inherent, and inseparable rights, liberties, and privileges of subjects.
  4. What is the importance of the English Bill of Rights for American government quizlet? The English Bill of Rights said the government was to be based on laws made by Parliament not by the desires of the ruler. It is important in democratic thought of a monarch not having complete power over the people
  5. ished the authoritative rule of the King and granted the British.
  6. In 1649, Maryland extended the right to practice any religion. Perhaps the the greatest influence for the creation of the Bill of Rights can be found in The Virginia Declaration of Rights. Created by the author of the Bill of Rights himself, James Madison, The Virginia Declaration of Rights was published on June 12th, 1776
  7. The American Colonies and England Objectives • Explore how English traditions influenced the development of colonial governments. • Analyze the economic relationship between England and its colonies. • Describe the influence of the Enlightenment and the Great Awakening on the 13 colonies. Terms and People Magna Carta Parliament English.

What influence did the English Bill of Rights of 1689 have on the American colonies? A. The English Bill of Rights inspired the American colonists to remain British citizens. B. The English Bill of Rights inspired the American Bill of Rights that followed the Constitution. C The English Bill of Rights, 1689. The third British contribution to the development of the American Bill of Rights is the 1689 English Bill of Rights. The Convention Parliament of 1689 declared an end to the three-year reign of James II formerly the Duke of York and passed an Act to secure the Kingdom from Popery and Arbitrary Power The American colonies began developing a democratic tradition during their earliest stages of development. How did natural rights influence the Enlightenment? Enlightenment thinkers wanted to improve human conditions on earth rather than concern themselves with religion and the afterlife A bill of rights is a list of the liberties and protections possessed by a nation's citizens. The English Bill of Rights, heavily influenced by Locke's ideas, enumerated the rights of English citizens and explicitly guaranteed rights to life, liberty, and property. This document would profoundly influence the U.S. Constitution and Bill of. In turn, it influenced the American colonies and the Constitution of the United States. Definition of the English Bill of Rights of 1689 The Meaning and Definition of the English Bill of Rights: The 1689 English Bill of Rights was a British Law, passed by the Parliament of Great Britain in 1689 that declared the rights an

I believe that the English Bill of Rights influenced the American colonies by providing a model of representative government. I don't think A is correct because at the time, those three branches of government didn't exist yet. C is also incorrect because Britain didn't want to give America any freedoms The English Bill of Rights. answer choices. Created separation of powers. Enhanced the democratic election. Limited the powers of the king and queen. All the answers are correct. Tags: Question 16. SURVEY The English Bill of Rights, 1689. The third British contribution to the development of the American Bill of Rights is the 1689 English Bill of Rights. The Convention Parliament of 1689 declared an end to the three-year reign of James II formerly the Duke of York and passed an Act to secure the Kingdom from Popery and Arbitrary Power In 1649, Maryland extended the right to practice any religion. Perhaps the the greatest influence for the creation of the Bill of Rights can be found in The Virginia Declaration of Rights. Created by the author of the Bill of Rights himself, James Madison, The Virginia Declaration of Rights was published on June 12th, 1776 The English Bill of Rights was important to the colonists because it allowed them to have basic rights, no matter who they were. An example is education. A law passed requiring that all large towns have a school. Some colonial governments allowed the colonists to vote. Voting was a freedom; and was typically given to the white, land owning men

Influence on the American Colonies. the Commentaries made all of their rights as English citizens evident and accessible and demonstrated where the government had become oppressive. This, in. This document also focused on the importance of having the consent of the people in government. The English Bill of Rights influenced the colonists' views about the purposes of government by including the ideas contained in the document into two founding U.S. documents: The Declaration of Independence and the Bill of Rights Bill of Rights (1689) This document guaranteed all British subjects the right to bear arms and petition the King. This British version of the Bill of Rights also protected citizens from excessive bails, fines, and cruel and unusual punishment. The British version protected far fewer rights than the American Bill of Rights

When the First Continental Congress met in 1774 to draft a Declaration of Rights and Grievances against King George III, they asserted that the rights of the English colonists to life, liberty and. For example, the English political theorist John Locke was a significant source of influence and inspiration to the American intellectual elite. Locke's Two Treatises of Government (1691) challenged the principle that hierarchical, monarchical systems of government originated from God's divine law Topic : Discuss the events around the English Bill of Rights and relate why this document has an impact, or does not have an impact, on the American Colonies. Describe the influence of the Magna Charta this document and how subsequent documents were impacted by the English Bill of Rights 1689. The English Bill of Rights is a British Law passed in 1689 by the Parliament of Great Britain The amendments to the Constitution that Congress proposed in 1791 were strongly influenced by state declarations of rights, particularly the Virginia Declaration of Rights of 1776, which incorporated a number of the protections of the 1689 English Bill of Rights and Magna Carta

The Petition of Right (1628) extended the rights of commoners to have a voice in the government. The English Bill of Rights (1688) guaranteed free elections and rights for citizens accused of crime. Although King George III still had some real power in 1776, Britain was already well along on the path of democracy by that time.. The foundations of American government lie squarely in the 17th. Source: James McClellan's Liberty, Order, and Justice: An Introduction to the Constitutional Principles of American Government (3rd ed.) (Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 2000).. C. The Bill Of Rights. The first ten amendments were proposed by Congress in 1789, at their first session; and, having received the ratification of the legislatures of three-fourths of the several States, they became a.

How Thomas Paine's 'Common Sense' Helped Inspire the American Revolution The 47-page pamphlet took colonial America by storm in 1776 and made critical arguments for declaring independence from. The English Bill of Rights had a great influence on the colonies in North America and on the Constitution of the United States. Does England have a Bill of Rights? The British Bill of Rights can refer to: Bill of Rights 1689, an Act of the Parliament of England made following the Glorious Revolution; considered one of the fundamental parts of. This stacked-government model influenced constitutional framers' thinking, says Donald A. Grinde, Jr., a professor of transnational studies at the University of Buffalo, member of the Yamasee. Effects of the Declaration of Independence. The Declaration of Independence gave birth to what is known today as the United States of America. The document is symbolic of American democracy and one of the free charters of freedom. The words stated in the Declaration rallied support from colonists at home, and colonists living abroad

3. English Bill of Rights Established in 1689 when William and Mary took over England after King James II was kicked off of the throne by Parliament. Kept the king from passing laws without Parliament's consent How did it influence American Government? Gave Americans ideas about: Legislative power (checks and balances) Basic rights of citizens A bill of rights, sometimes called a declaration of rights or a charter of rights, is a list of the most important rights to the citizens of a country. The purpose is to protect those rights against infringement from public officials and private citizens.. Bills of rights may be entrenched or unentrenched.An entrenched bill of rights cannot be amended or repealed by a country's legislature. Likewise, people ask, how did the Enlightenment influence the constitution quizlet? Enlightenment ideas influenced the United States Constitution and the Bill of Rights by giving the Framers the ideas for checks and balances, individual freedom, and government by the people. Identify the roles that censorship and salons played in the spread of. A. I have chosen John Locke and his influence and contributions to the English and American Bill of Rights as my two subjects. John Locke was born on the 29th of August 1632 in Wrington, Somerset, England. He died on 28 October 1704 in Essex, England

The Men of the Bill of Rights Flashcards Quizle

  1. CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS FOUNDATION Bill of Rights in Action Spring 2007 (Volume 23, No. 1) Free Markets and Antitrust Law. Adam Smith and The Wealth of Nations | Progressives and the Era of Trustbusting | The Development of Antitrust Enforcement | Media Mergers and the Public Interest . Adam Smith and The Wealth of Nations. As the American Revolution began, a Scottish philosopher started his own.
  2. English Bill of Rights The English Bill of Rights was an act signed into law in 1689 by William III and Mary II, who became co-rulers in England after the overthrow of King James II
  3. American colonies, also called thirteen colonies or colonial America, the 13 British colonies that were established during the 17th and early 18th centuries in what is now a part of the eastern United States.The colonies grew both geographically along the Atlantic coast and westward and numerically to 13 from the time of their founding to the American Revolution (1775-81)
  4. By John R. Vile. The English Bill of Rights of 1689 contains many rights that were later included in the First Amendment, such as the right to petition and freedom of speech and debate. This is a scan of the English Bill of Rights of 1689. (Image via National Archives of the United Kingdom, public domain) The First Amendment constitutes the.
  5. The philosopher whose ideas were most effective during the revolutions was an English philosopher named John Locke. Locke had a direct impact on the French Revolution and the American Revolution. Locke believed people are born free and equal with 3 natural rights (life, liberty, and property). Locke's theory had a deep influence on modern.
  6. English Bill of Rights 1689 (Excerpts) The English bill of rights was the root of the American versions that follow in subsequent documents. This bill of rights was the product of the Glorious Revolution that brought William and Mary to the English throne. In uniting with Parliament against James II, a Catholic who had persecuted English Protestants, William and Mary agreed to have.
  7. Parliamentary taxation of colonies, international trade, and the American Revolution, 1763-1775. The American Revolution was precipitated, in part, by a series of laws passed between 1763 and 1775 that regulating trade and taxes. This legislation caused tensions between colonists and imperial officials, who made it clear that the British.

The American revolutionary generation drew many of its ideas from the English philosopher John Locke (1632-1704). Often credited as a founder of modern liberal thought, Locke pioneered the ideas of natural law, social contract, religious toleration, and the right to revolution that proved essential to both the American Revolution and the U.S. Constitution that followed They knew of the English Magna Carta. This document, written in 1215, limited the power of the Kings and Queens of England and made Parliament the most powerful political force in England. The Framers were also familiar with the English Bill of Rights of 1689. This influenced the Framers to eventually include a bill of rights in the U.S. Bill of Rights became one of the most important documents in the political history of Britain. In the Glorious Revolution , William III of Orange (William was a Dutch by birth) landed with his army in England on November 5, 1688 . James II attempted to resist the invasion Click here 👆 to get an answer to your question ️ How would the english bill of rights affect and influence the early american colonists? 1. Log in. Join now. 1. Log in. Join now. Ask your question. oanh5ea9tripaige 10/06/2016 Social Studies High School +5 pts. Answered How would the english bill of rights affect and influence the early.

www.tomrichey.netMr. Richey explains how English traditions such as the Magna Carta and the English Bill of Rights influenced the United States Constitution. English Bill of Rights 1689 An Act Declaring the Rights and Liberties of the Subject and Settling the Succession of the Crown. Whereas the Lords Spiritual and Temporal and Commons assembled at Westminster, lawfully, fully and freely representing all the estates of the people of this realm, did upon the thirteenth day of February in the year of. Where did the American colonists get their ideas that lead to a revolution and a whole new kind of government? This foldable explores the Magna Carta, Mayflower Compact, English Bill of Rights, Cato's Letters and Common Sense.Got a 1:1 classroom? Download fillable PDF versions of this lesson's materials below

The Bill of Rights consists of the first 10 amendments to the U.S. Constitution.. In response to the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation, which guided the fledging nation from 1781 to 1798, the country's leaders convened a convention in Philadelphia in the summer of 1787 to amend the Articles, but delegates to the Convention thought such a step would be inadequate and took the more. On April 19, 1775, when the Battles of Lexington and Concord initiated armed conflict between Britain and the 13 colonies (the nucleus of the future United States), the Americans claimed that they sought only their rights within the British Empire.At that time few of the colonists consciously desired to separate from Britain. As the American Revolution proceeded during 1775-76 and Britain.

What rights are guaranteed in the Bill of Rights

How did the English Bill of Rights influence the American

As the seventeenth century advanced, the great constitutional struggles in England were reflected in the colonies;3 and the Petition of Right, the Habeas Corpus Act, the Bill of Rights, and the Act of Settlement (1701) took their place beside Magna Carta in the minds of the colonists as statutory guaranties of the rights of Englishmen, both at. The American colonies had been ruled by the British government for over 150 years before the American Revolution. As a result, Americans knew quite a bit about the British government. The men who wrote our Constitution were greatly influenced by their experiences with the British government. They were also influenced by their knowledge of its. English Bill of Rights and Colonists: When the English Bill of Rights passed Parliament in 1689, England had already established a significant network of colonies in the New World The English Bill of Rights was created in 1689 and the American Bill of Rights was created in 1789. Being so much later, the American Bill of Rights was influenced quite a bit by the English

How did the English Bill of Rights influence the colonies? A.It showed that people have the right of revolution. B.It affirmed the idea that people have rights that the government must uphold. C.It promoted the government is the power that gives the people their rights. D.It stated that a ruler could raise taxes without the approval of parliament The Magna Carta, the English Bill of Rights, the Mayflower Compact, and the pamphlet, Common Sense, all influenced their thinking. The colonists believed that government should protect their rights The Rights of the Colonies Examined. | 1764. Artist unknown. Stephen Hopkins, 1868. Public domain, from the New York Public Library. Digital ID 10232fb0-c606-012f-f4a7-58d385a7bc34. The Rights of the Colonies Examined. Liberty is the greatest blessing that men enjoy, and slavery the heaviest curse that human nature is capable of. This being so. Bill of Rights: Letters to the American colonists & to the British people. In addition to their petition to King George, the delegates issued a Bill of Rights (as a set of resolutions) and published open letters to the inhabitants of the Colonies and to the people of Great Britain (note: not to the king, his cabinet ministers, or Parliament) Why were the American colonies unhappy with the British government? By the 1770's, Great Britain had established a number of colonies in North America. The American colonists thought of themselves as citizens of Great Britain and subjects of King George III. They were tied to Britain through trade and by the way they were governed

Chapter 2 study guide Flashcards Quizle

The colonies essentially followed the English way of voting rights. Colonists believed that only the white male had the mental capacity to vote for such important parts of a society The great reforms of 1619 that took place at Jamestown had an enduring influence on the development of Virginia and British America and heralded the opening of an extended Anglo-American examination of sovereignty, individual rights, liberty, and constitutionalism that would influence all Britain's colonies The Bill of Rights contained 413 words and originally detailed twelve undeniable rights to the individual. The ratification process whittled the Bill of Rights to 8 Amendments and then eventually 12. On December 15th, 1791, the Bill of Rights was officially adopted into the United States Constitution. James Madison published the Amendments and. Title: Microsoft PowerPoint - ch 2 - origins of american govt sec 1 - notes Author: bdocker Created Date: 3/22/2012 11:15:42 A

American colonies - American colonies - How colonization took place: A variety of motives—political, religious, and economic—contributed to the settling of the Atlantic seaboard. Both labour and capital in England had become fairly fluid by 1600 and were seeking more profitable fields. A sharp rise in prices and living costs made many people restless; the increase in sheep grazing and the. The Colonies Move Toward Open Rebellion, 1773-1774. After the Boston Massacre and the repeal of most of the Townshend Duties (the duty on tea remained in force), a period of relative quiet descended on the British North American colonies. Even so, the crises of the past decade had created incompatible mindsets on opposite sides of the Atlantic

The Bill of Rights were in fact a revision of the Constitution, as was the case in the evolution of the Magna Carta. The fathers of the Republic sought to strengthen popular liberties. In America the final arbiter was the Supreme Court, which was above the Legislative and the Executive The Magna Carta contained two basic principles that helped to shape both the American and British government. it made clear that English monarchs themselves had to obey the law and also stated that English nobles had certain rights, rights that were later extended to other classes. The idea of property rights greatly influenced early Americans The English Bill of Rights denounced King James II for abusing his power. The English Bill of Rights clearly established that the monarchy could not rule without consent of Parliament. The English Bill of Rights had a great influence on the colonies in North America and on the Constitution of the United States

How did the English Bill of Rights influence the

The English Bill of Rights 1689 had forbidden the imposition of taxes without the consent of Parliament. Since the colonists had no representation in Parliament, the taxes violated the guaranteed Rights of Englishmen. Parliament initially contended that the colonists had virtual representation, but the idea found little support on either side. The Petition of Right, passed on 7 June 1628, is an English constitutional document setting out specific individual protections against the state, reportedly of equal value to Magna Carta and the Bill of Rights 1689. It was part of a wider conflict between Parliament and the Stuart monarchy that led to the 1638 to 1651 Wars of the Three Kingdoms, ultimately resolved in the 1688 Glorious. The Bill of Rights 1689, also known as the Bill of Rights 1688, is a landmark Act in the constitutional law of England that sets out certain basic civil rights and clarifies who would be next to inherit the Crown.It received the Royal Assent on 16 December 1689 and is a restatement in statutory form of the Declaration of Right presented by the Convention Parliament to William III and Mary II. The American Bill of Rights, inspired by Jefferson and drafted by James Madison, was adopted, and in 1791 the Constitution's first ten amendments became the law of the land. Limitied Government. Early American mistrust of government power came from the colonial experience itself

How did the Enlightenment influence the American

The Declaration of Independence that's written by Thomas Jefferson was highly influenced by Common Sense that Thomas Paine wrote. The second continental congress voted and agreed on signing the declaration of independence on July 2, 1776, and was officially recognized on July 4, 1776. If Thomas Paine didn't propose Common. The attempts by Britain to tax its North American colonists in the late 1700s led to arguments, war, the expulsion of British rule and the creation of a new nation. The origins of these attempts lay, however, not in a rapacious government, but in the aftermath of the Seven Years' War. Britain was attempting to both balance its finances and.

Virginia Declaration of Rights, in U.S. constitutional history, declaration of rights of the citizen adopted June 12, 1776, by the constitutional convention of the colony of Virginia.It was a model for the Bill of Rights added to the U.S. Constitution 15 years later. The Virginia declaration, largely the work of George Mason, was widely read by political leaders on both sides of the Atlantic Bill of Rights. The Declaration of Independence, adopted in 1776, created a whole new world for the colonies, and the freedom and power they gained following the American Revolution was both. The Age of Enlightenment was in vogue during the 18th century, but its watermark still lingers on many of the world's most important documents. In fact, without it, the United States as we know it would likely not exist today. While visiting Europe, many of the nation's founding fathers rubbed elbows with great Enlightenment thinkers, bringing their ideas and values back across the Atlantic These rights above became a part of our Bill Of Rights and apply to all. English Bill of Rights It's long name was An Act Declaring the Rights and Liberties of the Subject and Settling the Succession of the Crown In 1688, William and Mary became the new King and Queen of England through a peaceful revolution known as the Glorious Revolution

English Bill of Rights - Definition & Legacy - HISTOR

The Cause of the American Revolution. No single event caused the revolution. It was, instead, a series of events that led to the war. Essentially, it began as a disagreement over the way Great Britain governed the colonies and the way the colonies thought they should be treated. Americans felt they deserved all the rights of Englishmen The Declaration of Independence does not create individual rights, as the Constitution does. Indeed, it technically has no legal effect. But that has not stopped American presidents and civil rights leaders from invoking it throughout our history - and what the Declaration lacks in legal force, it makes up in persuasive force

Historical precedents such as Magna Carta and the Bill of Rights 1689 had established the principle that the King was not to interfere with the Rights of Englishmen held by the people. In the view of the American colonies, the King had opposed the very purpose of government by opposing laws deemed necessary for the public good The Magna Carta, signed in 1215, mainly secured liberties for England's elite classes, but it has helped the fundamental principles of common law in constitutions around the world. The Magna Carta's influence on the constitution allowed specific rights from it be included in the US Constitution's Bill of Rights

Which rights for citizens did the English Bill of Rights

1. Discuss the events around the English Bill of Rights and relate why this document has an impact, or does not have an impact, on the American Colonies. Describe the influence of the Magna Charta this document and how subsequent documents were impacted by the English Bill of Rights 1689. 2.Review the requirements for the Paper in your Syllabus The American Revolution also presented the opportunity for lawmakers to protect religious freedom, and augment the separation of church and state. The majority of the thirteen colonies supported an official religion, called the established church, but the Enlightenment and the Great Awakening diminished interest in established religions

The Declaration, the Constitution, and the Bill of Rights

James Madison, who authored the Bill of Rights, retained from the English text the word arms, which comes from the Latin arma, meaning tools. Due to the inherent dangers of allowing citizens to arm themselves, the Second Amendment has remained one of the most controversial amendments The Declaration of Rights (Stamp Act) In 1764, the British Parliament passed the Sugar Act, which placed tariffs on sugar, coffee, and other goods imported into the New World. These taxes increased the burden on ordinary citizens at a time of recession in America. It was thought that the Sugar Act would give rise to open rebellion, but it did not

How Did The Magna Carta Influence The Bill Of Rights ipl

Answer: Magna Carta exercised a strong influence both on the United States Constitution and on the constitutions of the various states. Magna Carta was widely held to be the people's reassertion of rights against an oppressive ruler, a legacy that captured American distrust of concentrated political power The Enlightenment was an intellectual movement in the eighteenth century that emphasized reason and science. The British colonist Benjamin Franklin gained fame on both sides of the Atlantic as a printer, publisher, and scientist. He embodied Enlightenment ideals in the British Atlantic with his scientific experiments and philanthropic endeavors These thinkers had a profound effect on the American and French revolutions and the democratic governments that they produced. Locke: The Reluctant Democrat. John Locke (1632-1704) was born shortly before the English Civil War. Locke studied science and medicine at Oxford University and became a professor there

The Bill of Rights remains an active force in contemporary American life as a major element of Constitutional law. The meaning of its protections remains hotly debated. For example, the privilege to bear arms to support a militia, which appears in the second amendment, produces significant political controversy today #2: The English Bill of Rights In 1688, through a peaceful revolution known as the Glorious Revolution, William and Mary became the king and queen of England. To keep the monarchy from abusing their power, Parliament forced them to sign the English Bill of Rights Like the Anglicans and Methodists, Presbyterians reorganized their church as a distinctly American entity, thereby reducing some of the influence of the Church of Scotland. From debates at the synods of 1787 and 1788 emerged a new Plan of Government and Discipline, a Directory of Public Worship, and a revised version of the Westminster. John Locke (1632-1704) of England and Baron de Montesquieu (1689-1755) of France were particularly influential on those who wrote the Constitution. In his Two Treatises on Government, Locke condemned monarchy and cast aside the centuries-old idea that governments derive their legitimacy from divine sanction The Enlightenment influenced the American Revolution by proposing thoughts and ideas that questioned traditional leadership and led to a new constitution. Through a combination of philosophy, politics and communications, the Enlightenment prompted societal reform. The Enlightenment period was from 1685 to 1815 The Iroquois Confederacy, founded by the Great Peacemaker in 1142 1, is the oldest living participatory democracy on earth 2. In 1988, the U.S. Senate paid tribute with a resolution 3 that said.